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6G – ‘The Intelligence of Everything’


29th June - Valencia.

6G is the name for the sixth generation of cellular networks, which will deliver truly omnipresent wireless intelligence. Expected to become available early in the 2030s, the 6G research journey is already well underway. 6G networks are poised to pave the way for sustainable human-centred smart societies and vertical industries, such that wireless networks will be transformed into a distributed smart connectivity infrastructure, where new terminal types are embedded in the daily environment.

The WSJ states, "Scientists are moving from the Internet of Things to an 'Intelligence of Everything' to leverage emerging capabilities. 6G will serve as a distributed neural network that provides communication links to fuse the physical, cyber, and biological worlds."

 “It heralds an era in which everything will be sensed, connected and intelligent. “

As more and more devices get connected with the growth of IoT, AI and Machine learning progress unbounded, its primary focus is to support the 4th Industrial Revolution by building a bridge between human, machine, and environmental nodes.


High performance computing, speed and low latency

It will combine and correlate different technologies, like deep learning with big data analytics.  While some IoT and mobile data may be processed by edge computing resources, the bulk of it will require much more centralised High-Performance Computing (HPC) capacity — making 6G an essential component.  

6G will significantly improve download speeds, eliminate latency, and reduce congestion on mobile networks. In addition, it will support advancements in technology, such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), metaverse, and artificial intelligence (AI).

It will also expand the scope of capabilities to support new and innovative applications in wireless connectivity, cognition, sensing and imaging. With 6G, access points will be able to serve multiple clients simultaneously via orthogonal frequency-division multiple access.

More and more AI capabilities will be located on devices at the edge of networks (rather than in the cloud), reducing latency but also enhancing privacy and increasing energy efficiency.

6G, compared to its predecessor, is expected to offer significantly better communication capabilities, such as Tbps-level peak data rates, microsecond-level latency, and 99.99% network dependability.

Frequencies from 100 GHz to 3 THz are promising bands for the next generation of wireless communication systems because of the wide amounts of unused and unexplored spectrum. That’s a thousand times faster than the fastest Wi-Fi speeds you get from most internet providers today. 


New infrastructure challenges

These upgrades bring about new challenges in the infrastructure. Phones that can accommodate 6G will need to be developed. Connectivity needs to be delivered more efficiently and effectively to more devices. Technologies like smart cities, interconnected cars, wearable devices, and robots will need to share bandwidth. This could mean building more cellular networks or finding new ways to deliver accurate millimetre waves.

Terahertz waves come at a higher frequency than millimetre waves, which today are being touted as the answer to network congestion and bandwidth limitations. This will require development of smaller antennas to pick up smaller wavelengths at higher frequencies, particularly in the terahertz range.


Growth of Intelligent Environments

The environments we spend our life in are teeming with intelligent devices, making our homes more comfortable. All these devices are based upon artificial intelligence, and such intelligence requires massive amounts of data do be gathered and exchanged. 

6G and beyond mobile networks will need to become smart. On the one hand, they will increasingly blend within the environment, through deployments and the usage of configurable hardware. On the other, managing the networks themselves will require swift, high-quality decisions, to be made by applying artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to massive amounts of real-time data.

The evolution and deployment of a new generation of edge intelligence systems, applications and services will take place during the next ten years. The completion of different technological steps that provide new devices, technology, and applications will enable intelligent environments to thrive.


6G Communication

6G communication is all about sixth-sense communication. It will be a three-dimensional technology, particularly time, space, and frequency.

It will give further and more extensive connectivity through gadget to gadget, low-earth orbit (LEO), and satellite communication. 6G will also cover security, secrecy, and protection of the enormous amounts of information created by billions of intelligent gadgets. There will be a change from smart gadgets to intelligent gadgets and they will also be able to interact with other intelligent devices.


Quality of Service and experience.

AI assists 6G communication to provide high Quality of Service (QoS), allowing high data rates, ultra-reliable low-latency communication, further-improved portable broadband, long-distance and high-mobility communications, and extremely low-power interchanges.

Quality of Service guarantees that the data streams are as fast as could be expected, particularly in Urban Communities, and will need intelligent sensors to cope with the enormous scope of IoT structures.

With additional functionality that 6G brings with a high QoS with AI-assisted services, it will enable an improved Quality of Experience (QoE) through holographic communications, augmented reality, virtual reality, and material internet, which requires a high information rate with low latency.  Additionally, QoE is required to be excellent in examples such as, self-driving vehicles, intelligent gadgets and intelligent automation.


6G a new paradigm of engineering skills

Delivering on 6G targets will demand significant advances in computing architectures, chipset designs, and materials. A digitized, data-driven society with instant and unlimited wireless connectivity will lead to continued exponential growth in data traffic and connections and demand a hyper-flexible network.  With technology that is developing so fast, it will need highly skilled engineers with experience of telecommunication and wireless technology for the future.  It requires experts to find this scarce resource. Experts like CIS have been placing high skilled embedded engineers on a global basis for over 20 years. Make sure your projections into the world of 6G and the intelligence of everything are well covered, call CIS on +34 963 943 500 or email on info@cis-ee.com